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The LNS is organized as a multidisciplinary institute. Its four scientific departments and two diagnostic centers, next to the administratif department, include services and units related to the fields of morphological and molecular pathology, genetics, medical biology, microbiology, forensic medicine and health protection.

The National Center of Pathology (NCP) is the largest of the LNS’s departments. Its goal is to deliver service characterised by excellence, in keeping with international standards of practice, and in tandem with a process of continuous improvement.

The National Center of Genetics (NCG) of the LNS is committed to provide genetic counselling and diagnosis of genetic diseases and to carry out molecular and genetic analysis of cancers.

The department of medical biology is oriented towards the prevention of diseases within the context of the national project for screening (prenatal and neonatal), the treatment of diseases by specialised analysis (diagnosis of metabolic diseases, analysis of stones), and the detection of drug addiction as well as the assessment of drug treatments.

The department of microbiology offers reference laboratory activities in partnership with various other public and private laboratories in the country. At the same time, it works closely together with the Ministry of Health and the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) on epidemiological matters, as well as the National Service for Infectious Diseases as far as diagnostics is concerned.

‘Forensic medicine – this bridge between law and medicine – is a major factor in the safety of our fellow citizens. In an essential way, by means of scientific and independent contributions, it furthers judicial progress and the benefits that characterise the latter.`

The department provides analytical services for official monitoring on behalf of institutions involved in inspection and monitoring, as well as for related ministries and administrations.

The administrative department plays a cross-functional role at the LNS. This multi-functionality comes particularly to the fore in managing information and personnel. Administrative activities offer support for all operational departments of the institute.